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What Causes Bunions to Develop?

Monday, 25 February 2019 00:00

Patients that have bunions may notice a bump that has formed on the side of the big toe. This may happen when the big toe leans in toward the other toes, causing the bone to gradually protrude. Many patients may notice soreness at the base of the bunion, in addition to skin that has become hardened and callused. Research has indicated that bunions may be genetic, or may develop as a result of medical conditions that may include gout and rheumatoid arthritis. Additionally, bunions may develop if incorrect shoes are worn which may not provide adequate room for the toes to move freely. Treatment options may include wearing custom-made orthotics, or cushioning the area with a bunion pad. If you notice a bunion developing, it is suggested to speak to a podiatrist who can guide you toward proper treatment.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of Advanced Care Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Bensalem, Pennsylvania, Port Richmond, Philadelphia, and Hamilton, New Jersey. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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